“A Draw - In The Bowery” - Watercolored lithography
© The American Lithograph Company, Broadway, N.Y. (NYC)

Jay Hambidge: Illustrator, writer, mathematician

Edward John (Jay) Hambidge (1867–1924) was a Canadian born American artist, writer and mathematician. He is best known for his chef-d’oeuvre The Elements of Dynamic Symmetry: a book published 2 years after his death (in 1926), which is based on a series of arithmetical studies and geometrical designs. The ideas that Hambidge collected in his […]

Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia: the celestial inspires Video Games

The Hagia Sophia (from the Greek “Holy Wisdom”), located in Istanbul (ex Costantinople, capital of the Eastern Roman Empire), is probably the epitome of “the celestial in architecture.” The basilica was designed in 537 AD over a preexisting building by Isidore of Miletus (a scientists) and Anthemius of Tralles (a mathematician), in obedience to Emperor […]

casa batllò

Gaudi inspired by Byzantine art?

The mosaic from the entrance wall of the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia in Ravenna (Italy, ca. 425), represents Christ as a Good Shepherd. The figure of Christ, which is placed in the middle of the mosaic, is seated on a rock and he leans against a golden cross. He’s beardless and wearing a golden and […]


Feminine manliness: the Snake Goddess seduces the world

Elegant and attractive, the so-called “Snake Goddess” shows her femininity through features which are generally conferred within the domain of men: power and virility. The 131/2 inches tall symmetric faïence figurine, dated 1600 BCE, was found (fragmented) in 1903 by the British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans on the site of the of Knossos’ palace, in […]


Venus of Willendorf: the brazen Venus

It’s called Venus of Willendorf and it’s a 30.000 years old lady. The four inches tall woman is a fine porous oolitic limestone statuette found about 30 meters above the Danube river (Austria) in 1908. Due to her age and her prominent female features she became the main symbol of the Paleolithic art, obtaining a […]

luca pacioli

The Golden Ratio: in harmony with the Universe

The Golden Ratio has been (and is) interpreted in different ways, depending on the period, country, religion etc.: The Golden Section as “Universal Harmonic Ratio“ 5th century b.C. The mathematical concept of proportion, meant to relation of parts, has been introduced first by Pitagora (Pythagoras of Samos, a great mathematician, mystic and scientist), who combines […]


Introduction to the Golden Section: the never-ending mistery

Ancient populations (far apart in distance and time) are linked one to another by a mistery, upon which archaeologists, astronomers, mathematicians, artists, psychologists, historians etc. are still working: the Golden Section. The Golden Section, also called Golden Ratio, is usually defined as it follows: “two quantities are in the golden ratio if the ratio between the […]